The hip hop culture is the art movement style of popular music of United State black and Hispanic origin, which includes rapping with electronic backing and dancing.
The historical record of hip hop culture
To start with let us talk about hip hop music and its origin. Hip hop is one of the many music genres also known as rap music. It is a genre of music developed in the United State by the inner-city African Americans and Latino Americans in the Bronx district of New York City in the 1970s.
The beginning of the hip hop culture can be dated to August 11, 1973, this was when the Jamaican DJ (DJ Kool Herc) started his “Back to school jam” which entail of rhythmic music that is convoyed with rap.
A rhythmic and rhyming speech chanted developed to be part of hip hop culture. A culture defined by some key stylistic elements which include:
- Break dancing
- Graffiti writing
Other rudiments include; beats or baselines from records (beats and sounds) and rhythmic beatboxing. Despite the fact that hip hop is often solely referred to as rapping, “hip hop” refers to the practice of the entire culture. Hip hop music often replaced with rap music even though rapping is not a mandatory factor for hip hop music.
Hip-hop culture has always had a strong bond with race. From hip-hop’s inception, the youth involved in its creation were from a diverse group of African, Latino, and European origins. Hip-hop itself would not exist in its current style without the various and diverse influences of pioneers and artists from the Caribbean and Latin America, as well as their African American fellow citizens in the Bronx.
Having laid the foundation of the hip hop culture let us dive into its evolution from the early stage up till now.
Early years of hip hop (1973 – 1979):
Hip hop as music and culture formed during the 1970s in New York. Hip hop music in its early stages has been described as a voice for the disenfranchised youth of relegated backgrounds and low-revenue areas, as the hip hop culture echoed the collective, financial and administrative realities of their lives. Many notable individuals who helped establish the hip hop culture include; DJ Kool Herc, DJ Disco Wiz, and others.
During the early stage of the hip hop culture, the genre was common among DJ who plays at block parties a popular thing in the 1970s. By 1979 hip hop became a popular genre.
Old school hip hop (1979 – 1983):
During the early stages, hip hop music was performed live, at house parties, and block party events, and it was not recorded. DJ Disco Wiz was one of the first DJ to make a hip hop mixed plate soundtrack, he pooled sound, special effects, and paused strokes to produce a soundtrack.
By the early 1980s, all the main techniques of the hip hop genre were in place, and the electronic sound had turned into a trend on the street and in dance clubs.
New school hip hop (1983 -1986):
During this period (also known as the second wave of hip hop music) hip hop music became commercially successful, as exemplified by the Beastie Boys’ 1986 album, which was the first rap album to hit.
Golden age hip hop (1986 -1997):
The golden age of hip hop was noted for its innovation, a time where every new music produced were kin to the hip hop style and old music was been recreated to follow the flow of the hip hop music. During this period comes the gangsta rap a sub-genre of the hip hop music that reflects the violent lifestyles of inner-city American black youths. The first epic gangsta rap album was N.W.A’s Straight Outta Compton, released in 1988. Straight Outta Compton flashed the first major controversy regarding hip hop lyrics when their song “Fuck tha Police” was highly resented by the FBI Assistant Director.
The golden age drama continues to unfold when hip hop rivalry between artists and fans of the East Coast hip hop and West Coast hip hop started (1991 to 1997). The main attraction was on the East Coast-based rapper The Notorious B.I.G. and West Coast-based rapper Tupac Shakur, who were both shot during a drive-by shooting by mysterious goons in 1997 and 1996, in that order.
Bling era (1997 -2006):
During the late 1990s, after the deaths of Tupac Shakur and The Notorious B.I.G., a new commercial sound emerged in the hip hop scene, sometimes referred to as the ” jiggy era”. The rise of Sean “Puff Daddy” propelled by the massive crossover success of his album “No Way Out”, signaled a major stylistic change in hip hop music as it becomes even more commercially successful and popularly accepted. Many rappers achieved mainstream success at this time some of them include; Nelly, Puff Daddy, Jay-Z, Eminem, 50 Cent, and others.
Dr. Dre became an important figure in this era, making his comeback in 1999 with the album 2001. In 2000, he produced The Marshall Mathers LP by Eminem and also produced 50 Cent’s 2003 album Get Rich or Die Tryin’, which debuted as the number one on the U.S. Billboard 200 charts. Jay-Z signified the cultural achievement of hip hop in this period. As his line of business progressed, he went from performer to businessperson, label head, head of a clothing line, club owner, and a market expert.
Blog era (2006 – 2014):
During this period there was a decline in record sales throughout the music industry, but despite the fall in record sales throughout the music industry, hip-hop has remained a widespread genre, with hip-hop artists frequently topping the Billboard 200 Charts. In the first half of 2009 alone artists such as Eminem, Rick Ross, The Black Eyed Peas,, and Fabolous all had albums that reached the top position on the Billboard 200 charts. Eminem’s album Relapse was one of the fastest-selling albums of 2009.
2014–present (Trap and mumble rap era):
Now hip hop music is based mainly on the production of beats typically consisting of tempos. Mumble is believed by certain people to be culture laziness among rappers and some belief it to be the true reflection of contemporary times. Many young mumble rapper has made name for themselves some include: Lil Pump, Lil Yachty, Cardi B, Future, Kodak Black and host of others.
Finally, we can come to the conclusion that Hip hop is more than music; it’s a cultural movement that incorporates different elements of art.
Frequently Asked Questions
Hip hop came to life precisely on August 11, 1973, at a birthday party in the recreation room of an apartment building in the west Bronx, New York City.
Keith “Cowboy” Wiggins, a member of Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five, has been credited with coining the term in 1978 while teasing a friend who had just joined the US Army by scat singing the made-up words “hip/hop/hip/hop” in a way that mimicked the rhythmic cadence of marching soldiers
DJ Kool Herc
One of the first rappers at the beginning of the hip hop period, at the end of the 1970s.
Consciousness Awareness, Civil Rights Awareness, Activism Awareness, Justice, Political Awareness, and Community Awareness in music
Ronald Savage is known as the Son of The hip hop movement